Does God require me to give a tithe of all I earn?

Leviticus 27:30-33; Deuteronomy 14:22-29; Exodus 25:2; 1 Chronicles 29:9
Code: QA144

Does God require me to give a tithe of all I earn?

Two kinds of giving are taught consistently throughout Scripture: giving to the government (always compulsory), and giving to God (always voluntary).

The issue has been greatly confused, however, by some who misunderstand the nature of the Old Testament tithes. Tithes were not primarily gifts to God, but taxes for funding the national budget in Israel.

Because Israel was a theocracy, the Levitical priests acted as the civil government. So the Levite’s tithe (Leviticus 27:30-33) was a precursor to today’s income tax, as was a second annual tithe required by God to fund a national festival (Deuteronomy 14:22-29). Smaller taxes were also imposed on the people by the law (Leviticus 19:9-10; Exodus 23:10-11). So the total giving required of the Israelites was not 10 percent, but well over 20 percent. All that money was used to operate the nation.

All giving apart from that required to run the government was purely voluntary (cf. Exodus 25:2; 1 Chronicles 29:9). Each person gave whatever was in his heart to give; no percentage or amount was specified.

New Testament believers are never commanded to tithe. Matthew 22:15-22 and Romans 13:1-7 tell us about the only required giving in the church age, which is the paying of taxes to the government. Interestingly enough, we in America presently pay between 20 and 30 percent of our income to the government–a figure very similar to the requirement under the theocracy of Israel.

The guideline for our giving to God and His work is found in 2 Corinthians 9:6-7: “Now this I say, he who sows sparingly shall also reap sparingly; and he who sows bountifully shall also reap bountifully. Let each one do just as he has purposed in his heart; not grudgingly or under compulsion; for God loves a cheerful giver.” (source)

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Comments
  1. Mauritz says:

    I totally agree with what you say. The New Testament doen’st speak specific about tithes. Although, we must understand that Israel was a theocracy. This means that the leaders of Israel were also the spiritual leaders. Today we have a “democracy” the Church and the government (state) are separated. We see this also in the NT when Jesus says, give to the empire what belongs to him and to God what belongs to God.

    So the Roman empire functioned as the government while the leaders of Israel officially became only the spiritual leaders. Off course this was still connected with each other, but officially not.

    In that time, Israel had to support the Roman empire, as well as the nation Israel.

    Today we see the same, we give to our government, but we also need to support and maintain our Churches, pastors, ministries, missionaries etc. This doesn’t necessarily require a tithe, maybe more if we look at the NT.

    Although I think giving tithes is a good guideline and inspired by God himself. But I agree with you that it must not be a law. Let us listen in our hearts to the Holy Spirit and let Him tell us what to give to whom.

    Looking forward to your reply.

  2. Mauritz,

    I’m a firm believer that if the church obeys God’s Word and does what it is suppose to do, then God will provide for the church. I believe far to many times the beautiful book of Malachi is distorted by preachers who only reference it out of context for a 10% tithe sermon.

    I don’t mind people speaking about giving, in fact I support teaching it in context. Your reply about the historical Israel and the Roman Empire is a good example of context and why Israel paid a tithe. I just wish more preachers would explain the OT tithe fully and then expand on how we are not under the Law, therefore we give as God leads us vs. a 10% tithe.

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